As the South
ís line from Folkestone approached
Dover, it had to cut through Shakespeare
. The tunnel was cut in the form of two Gothic
arches, the two tunnels being divided by a wall of chalk
10 feet thick. The Duke visited the site on 1 November
1843, and walked through the whole length of the new
tunnel, three-quarters of a mile.
The Duke interested himself in the affairs of Dover
and, as Lord Warden, was Chairman of the
Harbour Commissioners. During the Dukeís time much work
was carried out to improve the harbour, enlarging the
tidal harbour and building new quays on the inner harbour.
In 1846 a swing bridge and gates were provided to give
direct access to the Pent (now called the Wellington
Dock) from the tidal harbour. On 13 November 1846, the
Wellington Bridge was opened by the Duke himself, who
drove over it in his carriage , while the guns of the
fired a salute.
The Dukeís last public engagement was in Dover, and
again related to harbour improvements. On Saturday,
11 September 1852 he rode on horseback to look at the
construction work on the new Admiralty
. He was taken ill the following Tuesday and
died that afternoon.