St Radigund’s Abbey is on the hills about 3 miles outside Dover. The Abbey was founded by the Premonstratensian Order sometime around 1191-1193 (the recorded dates vary). The Premonstratensians were a monastic order founded in 1120 by St Norbert (1080-1134), a German bishop, at Premontre in Northern France. Members were known as White canons and dressed in white woolen habits. The rule was a stricter version of that of St Augustine canons. This order was first introduced into England in 1143. It is thought that Saxons originally farmed the land where the abbey was built and lived nearby, calling the area Bradsole, the Saxon meaning for Broad water or Broad Pond. In the Doomsday book Hugo de Montfort is listed as the owner. Hugo’s son, and then grandson, inherited the property. It then passed to William de Poulton who with his heir granted the land of Bradsole to the canons for their abbey sometime in the early 1190s. St Radegund lived from 518-587. She was the daughter of the King of Thuringia, whose assassination was avenged by the Frankish King Clotaire I. Clotaire had the twelve year old Radegund baptised and educated, and eventually married her. However, her ill treatment by the King, and his murder of her brother, compelled Radegund to leave him. She became a nun and went on to found the great nunnery of the Holy Cross at Poitiers, where she spent the last thirty years of her life.In it's early days the abbey increased in wealth and reputation and many notable people wanted to be buried there. In 1302 Edward I received the great seal at St Radigund’s and delivered it to William Greenfield his then Chancellor. Little is known of the abbey's subsequent history beyond a list of successive Abbots and Priors who allowed the buildings to fall into disrepair. The abbey was suppressed under Henry VIII in 1538 along with the lesser monasteries. After the dissolution the church building was dismantled and the stone reused. In 1538, 237 loads of stone went from St Radigund’s to build Sandgate castle. Stone also went to build Walmer Castle and also surrounding houses and farm buildings. In 1590, Queen Elizabeth I sold the abbey site to Simon Edolph who converted the refectory into a farmhouse. The abbey is still a privately owned working farm. The North Tower of the abbey can be clearly seen today. This tower was not the gatehouse to abbey, as many people think because the openings in the base are later alterations.